We cannot restore what we do not understand. While it is important to see plant species and even cultivars as individuals with differing needs and attributes, it is also important to understand their role in natural communities. First, Bill Cullina will review some emerging, fascinating, and revealing research on forest ecology, plant phytogeography, pollination ecology and symbiosis. Carol Gracie will discuss pollination, seed dispersal, and other means of proliferation; as well as other faunal associations. Finally, presenters will have an informal conversation and field questions on this macro-micro connection, and the real-world ramifications for garden designers.