This course will give students a sound background in the theory and practice of wildlife inventory and monitoring (I&M), with an emphasis on its application in adaptive management for habitat restoration and management. The course will review standard techniques for I&M, and the essentials of study design and data collection, analysis of data, and the role of I&M in conservation assessments. Students will learn how to design I&M programs specific to various objectives, understand the differences between inventory and monitoring, and how to assess local wildlife conservation issues linked to habitat management. Common techniques for I&M will be demonstrated in the field, with a focus in 2022 on birds and monarch butterflies. The course is appropriate for researchers, planners, and property managers involved in wildlife habitat management, environmental planning, and wildlife monitoring. Come prepared to get wet and/or muddy for a field sampling component.